The surgery that involves inserting prosthesis implants under the breast or chest of a patient is called breast augmentation. The popular surgery, also called a boob job, is a type of reconstructive surgery. Women who have lost one or both of their breasts due to a mastectomy partake in the process a s a form of cosmetic reconstruction. Though this surgical procedure is more common for women, men who are involved in male-to-female gender reassignment use the surgery to achieve a more feminine figure.
Implants were first introduced in around the 1890s. New developments with silicone increased their use between 1950 and 1960. The surgery is now one of the most popular forms of cosmetic surgery used by women and men.
More than 200,000 breast enlargement surgeries are done each year. Patients range in age from 13 to above 40. The most common group of patients is between the age of 20 and 39. Parent consent is required for individuals seeking the procedure who are under 18. It is recommended that those interested in silicone implants are 22 or older.
Silicone and saline are the two forms of breast implants available. There are pros and cons with each type of implant so consult a doctor if you have questions or concerns when choosing between the two. Both forms of implants are coated in a silicone.
Silicone implants tend to feel more natural as they are usually smooth and soft. They are less likely to ripple and can look very natural. Saline implants can be textured or smooth. With these implants, patients run the risk of rupturing or rippling. The feel of saline breasts is often compared to that of water balloons. Saline implants are less expensive than silicone implants. There are pros and cons to each type of implant, so it is recommended that patients consult with a doctor to find out which will work best for you.
Patients, with some doctor advice, decide on the size of the implants. Doctors provide water-filled bags to patients for them to try out a size using a bra. Generally, these bags provide an accurate display of what patients can expect from their surgery, though results may vary depending on the breast tissue that is already present.
Before having the surgery it is recommended that candidates adequately research surgeons, and understand the consequence and side effects (if any). It is important that patients discuss their desired outcome, medical history, use of medications, alcohol, or drugs and family medical history with their doctor. Many physicians evaluate the health of a person before conducting the surgery.
There are many risks and complications associated with the surgery. Infection, though rare, can be painful and dangerous. Fever, swelling and discomfort is common signs of infection. Antibiotic treatment is often used to heal infections, but if treatment does not work, the implant may have to be removed or replaced. Sometimes bleeding can occur within the implant pocket. If so, the implant must be removed so that the bleeding can be controlled and the wound cleaned out. Swelling, pain and bruising are indications of internal bleeding. Capsule contracture is when the breast hardens or distorts. It is sometimes painful. Even with treatment, a capsule contracture can reoccur. An implant can fall out of place and cause asymmetry of the breasts. Surgery is needed to fix asymmetry. Patients run the risk of developing autoimmune diseases or cancer with this surgery. Death is not an uncommon result of breast augmentation surgery or post-surgery complications.